How Is Glaucoma Treated?

Your doctor may use prescription eye drops, laser surgery, or microsurgery to lower pressure in the eye. Eye drops. These either reduce the formation of fluid in the eye or increase its outflow, thereby lowering eye pressure. Side effects may include allergies, redness, stinging, blurred vision, and irritated eyes. Some glaucoma drugs may affect your heart and lungs. Be sure to tell your doctor about any other medications you are taking or are allergic to.

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How Is It Diagnosed?

Your eye doctor will use drops to open (he will call it dilate) your pupils. Then he will test your vision and examine your eyes. He will check your optic nerve, and if you have glaucoma, it will look a certain way. He may take photographs of the nerve to help him track your disease over time. He will do a test called tonometry to check your eye pressure. He will also do a visual field test, if necessary, to figure out if you've lost your side, or peripheral, vision. Glaucoma tests are painless and take very little time.

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